miércoles, 2 de abril de 2008

Tingambato

Tingambato
It means “Temperate climate Hill”, is of origin chichimeca

History
The antiquity from the population it dates from the year of 1.300, when it is considered that the predecessors of the monarchy arrived at this place tarascaPayácume I and Vapeani I. It was a ceremonial center of great importance during the reign of the tarascos, like it demonstrates the knoll existence in regular form in the environs of the town that not yet have been studied. Tingambato was incorporated to the Spanish system by the friars of the order ofThey San Agustín, that in its outpost towards hot earth they established its convent, stops from there to mobilize itself to all the region. It was charge of Do6na Maria de Alvarado. During the colony it was head of the party of Indians and it administered the populations of San Angel, Taretan and Ziracuaretiro, and included the properties of Taretan, of the Augustinian ones, the one ofAlvaro Perez, that produced sugar, maize and wheat. The indigenous community of Tingambato it had to undergo the combats of the Spaniards in order to obtain the disintegration of the Earth property communal.
In 1754 it appears like vicaría of the Parish of the Mountain range that had his head inSanta Anna TzirostoVicaría of Tingambato one was made up of the towns Santiago Tingambato and San Angel Suruncapio, besides the Siraspén property of Dolores. Colony in average with 350 inhabitants, of who, 250 lived in Tingambato, 60 in Suruncapio and 40 in property of Siraspén of the Dolores. Of the total of inhabitants, 321 they were Indian, 13 Spaniards and 16 were people of “color broken ".
In 1765 Tingambato de Taretan comprised of the district, y counted on one population of 250 neighbors who paid tax to the town ofThey San Angel, which had 88 tributantes Indians. AfterGuerra of Independencia, for 1822, it counted on a population of 1.304 and happened to form part of the party number XIII of Taretan. In this place they produced cherimoyas, avocados, maize and wheat. it constituted in step forced for the population of Uruapan. In the Territorial Law of the 10 of December of 1831, it appears like possession of the municipality of Taretan. One rose to the municipality rank the 22 of June of 1877.
To principles of century its forest and archaeological wealth was sacked by North American colonists. Tingambato is considered like one of the populations that have more fought to conserve its cultural traditions purépechas and faced the attempts of disintegration of the communal property, until ours days. She is one of the regions that have retaken their traditions musical comedies, cultural and of defense of the language tarasco
Chronology of historical facts1300In this year they arrived at the site from this city the antecedents of the monarchy tarasca Payácume I and Vepeani I. 1754It appears like Vicaría of the parish of the mountain range. 1765 Tingambato comprised of the District of Taretan. 1822Tingambato registered a population of 1.304 inhabitants. 1831 10 of December, is considered possession of municipality of Taretan. 1877 22 of June, is elevated to the municipality rank.



Half Physical
Location It is located alto the north of the State, in the coordinates 19º30' of North latitude and 101º51' of west longitude, to a height of 1.980 meters on the level of the sea. It limits the north with Nahuatzen, to the east with Erongarícuaro and Pátzcuaro, to the south with Santa Clara and Ziracuaretiro and to the west with Uruapan. Its distance to the State Capital it is of 95 km.
Extension Its surface is of 188,77 Km² and it represents the 0,32 percent of the total of the State.
Orography Its relief is constituted by the volcanic system cross-sectional, the mountain range of Tingambato and the hills Cumburinda, Injucato, Bored, of the Molcajete, Virgen and Characarán.
Hydrography Its hydrography is constituted by streams, Ravine of the Mill, Ravine of the Comay and Hidden Agua. In addition it counts with numerous cold water springs.
Climate Its climate is tempered with rains in summer. It has a precipitation pluvial annual of 1.100 millimeters and temperatures that oscillate between the 8 and 37º centigrades.
Main ecosystems In the municipality it dominates the mixed forest with encino, pine, cedar and aile; and the coniferous forest with pine, oyamel and junípero. Their fauna conforms the cat mainly I mount, zorrillo, coyote, squirrel, dove and duck.
Resources natural The forest surface timber is occupied by pine and encino nontimber it is occupied by thorny and chaparrales scrubs.
Characteristics and use of the ground The grounds of the municipality date from the periods cenozoic, tertiary and Miocene they correspond mainly to those of the type prairie, of mountain and podzólico. Its use is destined fundamentally to the forest activity and in smaller proportion to the agriculturist and cattle dealer.



Sociodemográfico profile
Ethnic groups According to the General Census Population and House 1990, in the municipality they inhabit 989 people who speak some índigena language, and of which 463 are men and 526 are women. Within main índigenas languages we can mention the Purépecha and the Mayan.
Evolution demographic In the municipality of Tingambato in 1990, the population represented the 0,3 percent of the total of the State. For 1995, one is had population of 11.079 inhabitants, its rate of growth is of the 2,1 annual percent and the densidad of population it is of 58,69 inhabitants by square kilometer. The number of women he is relatively greater to the one of the men. For the year of 1994, to 471 births and 48 deaths have occurred.
Religion The religion that predominates in the municipality is the Catholic, followed in smaller proportion by the evangelical one.



Infrastructure Social and of Communications
Education The municipality counts on establishments of initial education like they are: Pre-school, primary, secondary account with establishments stops the mean level superior.
Health The demand of medical services of the population of municipality is taken care of by official and particular organisms like they are: The assigned Centers of Health to the Secretariat of Health and the Particular Doctor's offices.
Supply The municipality counts solely on grocer's.
Sport The municipality counts on a sport unit, fields of basquetbol in all the communities as well as a municipal audience and several football grounds.
House In the municipality 1.856 built houses exist, of which the construction with partition predominates, followed in minor proportion by those of wood and other materials.
Services public Potable water 90_ Drainage 40_ Electrification 60_ Paving 20_ Public lighting system 50_ Garbage collection 5_ Sign 10_ Pantheon 35_ Cloración of the Water 35_ Public security 50_ Parks and Gardens 20_ Buildings Public 20_
Average of communication The municipality counts on the following mass media: regional, state newspapers, radio A.M., FM and television.
Routes of communication One communicates by the Morelia highway - Lazaro Cardinal red. In addition it counts on: telephone, telegraph and offices of mail.



Activity Economic
Agriculture Agriculture is its main economic activity, being its main cultures: the maize, avocado, cherimoya, peach tree and other fruit trees.
Cattle ranch In the communities small milk stables prevail, with Creole cattle. Representing these two sectors until 48_ of its economic activity.
Industry Wood articles make. Representing the 17 _ of its economic activity.
Tourism Natural landscapes and archaeological ruins
Commerce Account with commerce small and medium eg: stores of packings, mueblerías, stores of clothes and zapaterías, where the population acquires articles of first and second necessity.
Services It counts solely on some restaurants in the head policeman.


Attractive Cultural and Tourist
Monuments historical The municipality counts on architectonic monuments and zones archaeological. Like the Temple of Santiago Apostle of century XVII.
Celebrations, dances and traditions 25 of July. Celebration in honor to Mr. Santiago. 14 of January. Celebration in honor to the Redeeming Christ. 15 of May. Celebration in honor to San Farm Isidro. 15 of June. Celebration to San Antonio de Padua.
Music Traditional purépecha, pirecuas and sones.
Crafts Embroiderings o'clock of cross, guanengos, blouses and mantelería, rustic wood furniture.
Gastronomy The typical food of the municipality is: Churipo, corundas, cornflour drink of grain and carnitas.
Tourist centers Natural landscapes and archaeological ruins.



Government
Head Policeman: Tingambato
Main localities:
Pichátaro Its main activity is agriculture and the operation forest. It is located to 13 km of the municipal head. Account with 6.051 inhabitants.
The Hidden one Its main activity is agriculture. It is located to 3 km of the municipal head. Account with 565 inhabitants. Chronology of the municipal presidents 1940 - Silviano Jiménez 1941 - Herasmo Medina 1942 - Crisanto Martinez 1943 - Atanacio Martinez 1944 - Rescuing Barrier 1945 - Fidel Third 1946 - Atanacio de la Cruz 1947 - Luis González 1948-1949 Braulio Hernandez 1950 - Jesus Aguilar 1951 - Gilberto Jiménez 1952 - Silviano Jiménez 1953 - Jiménez marks 1954 - Joel Arellano Alcaraz 1955 - Juan Melchor Third 1956 - Agustín Eyrie 1957 - Constantino Towers Barrier 1958 - Salvador Jiménez 1959 - Delfino Medina Zuñiga 1960 - Rafael Jiménez Arriaga 1961 - 1962 Rafael Gudiño Alcaraz 1963 - 1964 David Aguilar Villegas 1965 - Jesus Aguilar Melgoza 1969 - 1970 Salvador Jiménez 1971 - Jesus Calderón 1972 - 1974 Antonio Aguilar 1975 - 1977 Rafael Jiménez 1978 - 1980 Ramiro Jiménez Saavedra 1981 - 1983 Jesus Chávez Vantage point 1984 - 1986 Rubén Puebla Calderón 1987 - 1989 Santiago Gudiño Alcaraz 1990 - 1992 David Calvillo Eyrie 1993 - 1995 Isidro Villanueva Rodriguez 1996 - 1998 Jose Luis Hernandez Ayala 1999 - 2001 Jose Luis Sources Garci'a2002 - 2004 Juan Villegas.