miércoles, 11 de junio de 2008

Tancítaro

Tancítaro

It means “tribute place”.

History

This town, of pre-Hispanic origin, by its location between the mountain range and the hot Earth, it was chosen stops that there the products of the towns were given, as much of the coast as of hot earth, subjects to empire tarasco. It is conquered by Domingo of Medina. In 1531, it appears like group of judges, which included so much the towns of the mountain range like of hot earth, conserving its function of harvesting of products that paid the Spanish empire. In the cold Earth it included the populations of San Miguel, Ticipendo, Yaraparícuaro (or Kings), San Juan, Urapú, San Antonio, Pancitácuaro, San Pedro Guanimba and San Francisco Guario and in the zone it warms up: Acahuato, Parícuaro, Apatzingán, Santa Anna Amatlán, Tomatlán, Xapa and Poco. Both portions were entrusted by half the conqueror Domingo Medina and to Corona. To the death of first, they passed to its son Alejo Enríquez de Medina, administered who it around 1597. For 1546 it counted on 990 tributary ones, which were falling due to the operation of the charge until being reduced to 714 at the end of century XVI. The population was evangelizada byfranciscanos, who settled down a monastery there that served in order to advance towards hot earth. They produced cotton, maize and wood. For century XVII, its population had descended to only 100 inhabitants, who produced cotton, banana and cattle. For 1765 it belonged to the secular clergy, who administered small rancherías. After independence it comprised of the party of Apatzingán, it counted on city council and it had repair big repair of population. In 1822 it had 3.475 inhabitants, produced maize and wood. By Territorial Law of 1831 it was established like municipality of Apatzingán. It was elevated to the rank of Villa 28 of June of 1860, with the title ofTancítaro of Medellín, was scene of several combats during the French Intervention.
Chronology of historical facts 1522It happens to be member of the party of Apatzingán.1531Spanish conquest by Domingo of Medina, which happens to be encomendero.1831 settles down like municipality.1860It is elevated to the category of Villa like Tancítaro de Medellín.

Half Physicist

Location It is located to the west of the State, in the coordinates 19º20' of North latitude and 102º22' of west longitude, to a height of 2.080 meters on the level of the sea. It limits to the north with Peribán and Nuevo Parangaricutiro, to the west with New Parangaricutiro and Parácuaro, to the south with Parácuaro, Apatzingán and Buenavista, and to the west with Peribán and Buenavista. Its distance to the State Capital it is of 170 km.

Extension Its surface is of 717,65 Km² and it represents 1.21 percent of the total of the State.
Orography Their relief constitutes the cross-sectional volcanic system, the mountain ranges of Tancítaro, Paracho and Nahuatzen and hills Don Celso, the Shipyard, Guayimba and Pico de Tancítaro. Hydrography Their hydrography constitutes streams and springs of cold water, Zirimóndiro, Condémbaro, Zirimbo, Santa Catarina, Choritiro and the Cuate. Climate Its climate is tempered with rains in summer. It has a precipitation pluvial annual of 900 millimeters and temperatures that centigrades oscillate between 7 and 38º. Main ecosystems In the municipality it dominates the coniferous forest, with pine, oyamel and junípero and the mixed forest, with pine and encino. Their fauna conforms the deer, coyote, armadillo, rabbit, tejón, zorrillo, tlacuache, vixen, hen of hill, pigeon, black eagle, calandria, finch and sparrow. Natural resources The forest surface of timber is occupied by pine, encino and in the case of the not-timber one by scrubs, chaparral thorny and low forest. Characteristics and use of the ground The grounds of the municipality date from the periods cenozoic, tertiary and Miocene, they correspond mainly to those of podzólico type. Its use is fundamentally forest and in smaller agricultural and cattle proportion.

Infrastructure Social and of Communications

Education The municipality counts on establishments of initial education, pre-school, primary, eg: secondary and for the level half superior counts on the baccalaureate, in addition it receives attention of the INEA. Health The demand of medical services of the population of the municipality public is taken care of by organisms and prevailed such as: the assigned Hospital to the Secretariat of Health, the Clinics of IMSS and the Doctor's offices Individuals.
Abasto The municipality counts on a municipal market and stores of packings. Sport The municipality counts on sport unit, fields of soccer, earth basquetbol and fields for volleyball, in its communities as well as in its municipal head. House The municipality counts approximately on 3.746 houses built of which the construction predominates of wood, followed in smaller proportion by the one of it marinates, partition and other materials. Services public Potable water 80_ Drainage 30_ Electrification 90_ Paving 10_ Public lighting system 75_ Garbage collection 10_ Market If Sign No Pantheon 100_ Cloración of the Water 25_ Public security 25_ Parks and Gardens Buildings Public Mass media The municipality counts on syntony of radio A.M. - FM, television channels and newspapers of circulation regional and state. Communication channels The municipality communicates by the Morelia highway - Lazaro Cardinal red with deviation in Uruapan by New Parangaricutiro to 52 km. And by the highway Morelia - Zamora with deviation in Buenavista, connecting to 22 km, of the section Tancitaro - Apo of the Rosary. The 90 _ of its communities they communicate with ways of terracería.

Activity Economic

Agriculture It is cultivated mainly: maize, wheat, bean, pumpkin, Pope and kidney bean. In addition it counts on fruit kitchen gardens of avocado and peach tree that the main activity means economic at the moment. Cattle ranch The cattle activity is second in importance grows up: , pig, wool, equine and goat cattle. Representing these two sectors until the 70 _ of its economic activity.
Industry The municipality counts on an established industry, like they are the empacadoras of avocado and peach tree and the warehouses of fruit boarding. Representing the 7 _ of its activity economic. Tourism By its natural conditions it is possible to develop this activity. Commerce The municipality counts on small and medium commerce eg: Stores of clothes, footwear, mueblerías, ironworks, construction equipments and stationery stores. Representing the 7 _ of its economic activity. Services The municipal head account with a hotel and two restaurants that they offer lodging and feeding.

Attractive Cultural and Touris

tHistorical monuments The Parish of San Marcos, architectonic monument and the parish of Apo of the Rosary. Museums At the moment the municipality does not count on museum some.
Celebrations, dances and traditions September 16 to the 21 Celebration of the Supervisory Celebration Music Wind music Is Lowland and Northern Crafts The artistic blacksmith shop and the elaboration of mounts. Gastronomy The typical food of the municipality is: the carnitas Tourist centers By its religious tradition the church of Apo of Rosary, receives good amount of visitors every year.


Government

Municipal head: TancítaroSe it locates to 170 km of the State Capital. It counts on 4.439 inhabitants. Main localities Apo of the Rosary Its main activity is the avocado production It is located to 12 km, of the municipal head. Account with 1.464 inhabitants. Pareo Its main economic activity is agriculture being its main cultures maize, kidney bean and fruit trees. It is located to 9 km of the municipal head. Account with 2.077 inhabitants.
Chronology of Presidents Municipales 1999 - 2001 Javier Medina Villanueva2002 - 2004 Arthur Olivera