miércoles, 11 de junio de 2008

Tangancícuaro

Tangancícuaro

Tangancícuaro chichimeca is an origin word that means “place of three water eyes”, although other authors give him the meaning of “where stakes in the ground nail”. The first meaning alludes to places in the neighborhoods of the town: Junguarán, Cupatitzio and Camécuaro.
Shield The shield has Spanish form, that is one of more classic in the heráldica. It has and placed diagonally worn, descendent participation. In the quarter superior, dated, on field of sínople, are three hieroglyphic symbols of water, that corresponds to one of the meaning accepted of its name: place of three water eyes. The right quarter, on gold field, emphasizes the efigie of Chupi - Tirápame, central deity to which the tarascos they called “precious water or beautiful water”. In the left quarter, on field of gules, one is the symbol corresponding to the deities of the water and it belongs to the landlords of Tunalpohually. The shield has a natural bordura and on her, they are wood stockades, that talk about the other meaning of place” where stakes in the ground nail”. In the part inferior of the bordura is a Latin currency that it is translated by “good water source”. They ornament the shield lambrecuines of gold. The shield was designed by the professorFrancisco Elizalde.

History

Tangancícuaro was onepre-Hispanic población, according to they reveal the archaeological vestiges found in the place. In centuries XVI and XVII one took to end the evangelización in this zone, by part offrailes agustinos, that they had in Tangancícuaro a small convent with five monks and a hospital. In century XVII the name of Tangancícuaro was assigned to him of Asuncio'n and in the religious administration, it depended on the parish of Jacona, in the civilian depended of the jurisdiction of Zamora. In 1822 it counted on City council, tapeworm 2.219 inhabitants who dedicated a agriculture and produced maize, wheat and lentil. The 10 of December of 1831 were constituted in municipality and to its head one named himTangancícuaro of Edge, from the 20 of November of 1861, in memory of the General Mariano Arista.
Illustrious personages Rafael Peace Romero, poet (1822-1875) Ramón Silva Alvarez,filántropo Primitiva Quiroz Sámano, poet Navarrese Rubén C., poet (1892-1957) Angel Morales, bishop of Sonant Victorian Francisco Jasso de Davalos, benefactor of the town. (? - 1812) Angel Mariano Morales and Jasso, bishop and politician, was delegated to Cortes of Madrid before of the Independence of Mexico, and already of return to National congress, in 1837 was member of the Congress of Government. (1784-1843) Mariano Irigoyet, Bishop of Abdera (? - 1843) Ramón Peace Rosemary, Was printing poet and author of “Memories” (1835-1911) Rafael Galván,sacerdote, sociologist, support the work pro-agrarista, author of the book of Right Mexican civilian. (1878-1940) David Marín Quiroz, revolutionary, two decorations were granted to him to the military merit. (1890-1961) Rubén Navarrese Claudius Murgia, revolutionary, poet, performance some administrative positions during the period of President Venustiano Carranza, was delegated the premises, commercial aggregate of Mexico in the city of Los Angeles, Consul, publisher of the book “Rates of Autumn”, I found a company cinematographic, son was appointed favorite of town of Tangancícuaro (1894-1958).Roberto Quiroz Guerra, Normalista Teacher, Director of Education in the state of Puebla and Yucatan Federal director of Education in the State of Jalisco, general supervisor and Head of Zone. (1914-1978)Martín Sámano Magaña, professor and historian (1897-1987) Chronology of historical facts1861The municipal head acquires name of Tangancícuaro de Arista 1910The neighbors of Tangancícuaro they second the Plan of San Luis and are headed by Jesus Garci'a 1913Near Tangancícuaro one got rid a battle between the forces of the revolutionary General Guillermo Garci'a Aragón and Colonel Federal Manuel Fernandez War. Another important fact happened in the locality of Tenguecho, between imperialistic republicans and during the French Intervention.

Half Physicist

Location It is located to the northwest of the State, in the coordinates 19º53' of North latitude and 102º12' of west longitude, to a height of 1.700 meters on the level of the sea. It limits to the north with Zamora, Jacona and Tlazazalca, to the east with Purépero. and Chilchota, to the south with Charapan, Kings and Tingüindin, to the west with Tangamandapio. Its distance to the capital of S-state of 134 km

Extension Its surface is of 387,95 Km² and it represents the 0.65 percent of the total of the State. Orography Its relief is constituted by the volcanic system cross-sectional, mountain range of Patamban and the Patamban hills and Tangancícuaro.
Hydrography Their hydrography constitutes the river Duero and the water eyes of Junguarán, Camécuaro and Cupatziro. Climate Its climate is tempered with rains in summer. It has a precipitation pluvial annual of 800 millimeters and temperatures that they oscillate between 8,0 to 35º centigrades. Main ecosystems In the municipality it dominates the coniferous forest with oyamel and pine and the mixed forest with encino, aile, ash and pine. Natural resources The forest surface timber is occupied by pine and encino, the nontimber one, by diverse scrubs. Characteristics and use of the ground The grounds date from the periods cenozoic, tertiary, quaternary and Miocene, correspond mainly to those of type chernozem and of mountain. Its use is fundamentally cattle dealer and in smaller agricultural and forest proportion.

profileSociodemográfico

Ethnic groups According to the General Census Population and House 1990, in the municipality they inhabit 1033 people who speak some índigena language, and of which 475 are men and 558 are women. Within the main índigenas languages we can to mention the Purépecha and the Zapoteco. Demographic evolution In the municipality of Tangancícuaro in 1990, the population it represented the 0,95 percent of the total of the State. It stops 1996, a population of 33.815 inhabitants has itself, its rate of growth is of the -0,01 annual percent the rate of negative growth it must to factors such as the emigration to the interior and outside of the country mainly and densidad of population is of 87,16 inhabitants by kilometer squared. The number of women is relatively greater to the one of the men. For the year of 1994, they have occurred 1107 births and 182 deaths, also thus the migration and immigration in the municipality have be considerable.
Religion The religion that predominates in the municipality is the Christian, followed in smaller proportion by the Witnesses of Jehovah, Evangelista and Judaica.

Infrastructure Social and of Communications

Education In the municipality establishments of initial education exist as they are. Pre-school, primary, secondary, secondary techniques, telesecundaria and for the mean level superior preparatory or school of bachelors. Health The demand of medical services of the population of the municipality it is taken care of by official and deprived organisms in urban means rural and as they are rural Doctor's offices, services of preventive medicine, consult external, medicine general, centers of infantile maternal health and, laboratories of clinical analyses, X-rays and hospitals, particular clinics and doctor's offices.
Supply The municipality counts on a commercial market, stores, pharmacies, stationery stores, zapaterías, commercial centers and departmental, fixed and semi-portable stores of clothes, positions. Sport In the municipality are sport units, fields of soccer, fields of basquetbol, volibol, fields of distributed athletics and recreational centers in the localities of the municipality as well as in its municipal head. House The municipality counts approximately on 7.120 built houses of which the construction of materials predominates, of partition, block, slab of concrete followed by the one of laminae of cardboard, it tiles and it marinates. Services public Potable water 90_ Drainage 90_ Electrification 95_ Paving 80_ Public lighting system 95_ Garbage collection 80_ Market 40_ Sign 90_ Pantheon 100_ Cloración of the Water 100_ Public security 90_ Parks and Gardens 40_ Buildings Public 20_ Mass media The municipality counts on the following mass media: Regional newspapers, radio stations, channels of television signal by cable or antenna parabolic. Communication channels One communicates by the highway Morelia - Quiroga - Zacapu - Tangancícuaro, Zamora. Besides foreign buses and the premises, public transport, taxis, transport of slight load and of materials, telephone, telephone houses, offices of telegraphs, post office, cover of telephony cellular.

Activity Economic

Agriculture The agricultural activity is of extreme importance for municipality being its main cultures: the maize, wheat, sorghum, mill, onion, courgette, tomato, tomato, kidney bean, alfalfa, chick-pea, barley, green Chile, Pope and brocoli. Cattle ranch The main young is: bovine, goat, pig. ovine, poultries and beehives. Industry The municipality counts on an established industry as they are You make congeladoras, descremadores, empacadoras, plants fodder, mill of wheat, curtidoras, it makes of mosaics, partition, tubes and sawmills being are the main one economic activity of the municipality.
Tourism By its natural conditions the municipality counts on places own for the tourist development, which constitutes a vitally important activity, for the economic development. It counts on the Lake of Camécuaro, the National Park, an Archaeological Zone and flowing. Commerce This municipality counts on commercial places, stores of clothes, furniture, footwear, foods, ironworks, materials, pharmacies, pharmacies, stationery stores, bookstores, banks. Where the population acquires articles of first and second necessity. Services The capacity of these in the municipal head is sufficient in order to take care of the demand, offering itself: lodging and feeding in the hotels and restaurants of the head policeman.

Attractive Cultural and Tourist

Historical monuments The municipality counts on several architectonic monuments eg: the Parochial Church of the Asuncio'n that it dates from century XVIII, is located in the municipal head, the Parish of San Francisco, in the locality of Patamban and the Old Temple in the locality of Ruiz Cortinez. Celebrations, dances and traditions August 15 Celebration in honor to the Virgin of Asuncio'n December 12 Celebration in honor to the Virgin of Guadalupe March 19 Celebration in honor to Santo Christ February 2 Celebration by the day of the Candlemas The municipality does not have any representative dance of the place Year with year the celebration is tradition of Santo Christ where besides the festivals they can appreciate the crafts of vidriada ceramics of green, the rugs of flowers and colored sawdust whereupon the streets are adorned, over which it passes the population with the Santísimo.
Music The folk music is the wind Bands. Crafts The municipality is characterized by its pottery, gives jugs, pots, casseroles, plates, vases and the vidriada ceramics of green that is the specialty. Gastronomy The typical food of the municipality is the Churipo, huchepos, camata - putzuti (grain cornflour drink), the carnitas, barbecue of lamb and corundas. Tourist centers In municipality several tourist centers are located eg: the Lake of Camécuaro, the National Park of Camécuaro, the Archaeological Zone, flowing and spas.

Government

Municipal head: Tangancícuaro de Arista It is located to 134 km., of the State Capital. Its main one activity is agriculture, the cattle ranch and the commerce, whatever with 15164 inhabitants (INEGI 1990). Main localities Valley of Guadalupe Its main activity is agriculture and the cattle ranch. It is located to 12 km. of the municipal head. It counts on 870 inhabitants (INEGI 1990).San Antonio Ocampo Its main activity is agriculture and the cattle ranch. It is located to 10 km. of the municipal head. It counts on 1591 inhabitants (INEGI 1990). Go'mez Farias Its main activity is agriculture and the cattle ranch. It is located to 7 km. of the municipal head. It counts on 1538 inhabitants (INEGI 1990).San jOse de Gracia Its main activity is agriculture, cattle ranch and the commerce. It is located to 11 km. of the municipal head. Account with 521 inhabitants (INEGI 1990).Patamban Its main activity is the pottery, agriculture and the commerce. It is located to 20 km. of the municipal head. Account with 3.640 inhabitants (INEGI 1990). Etucuaro Its main activity is agriculture and the cattle ranch. It is located to 10 km. of the municipal head. It counts on 1570 inhabitants (INEGI 1990). Damaso Cardinal red Its main activity is agriculture and the cattle ranch. It is located to 10 km. of the municipal head. It counts on 905 inhabitants (INEGI 1990).
Chronology of the municipal presidents 1940 - Brown Elíseo 1941 - Antonio Rodriguez January 1942 - Valadez refuge Morals 1942 - J. Jesus Zamora Enríquez 1943 - Jose Mª. Fertile valley M. 1944 - Miguel Sámano M. 1945 -1946 Pedro Perez Castillas 1947 - Valdemar Anaya 1948 - Luis Gil Montañez 1949 - Jesus Chávez Lara 1950 - Luis Gil Montañez 1951 -1952 David Márquez Sepúlveda 1953 - Luis Lemus Oropeza 1954 - Thin Gustavo Side 1955 - Miguel Fernandez Zamudio 1956 - Enrique Chávez Peace 1957 - Octavio Sámano Fernandez 1958 - Antonio Duarte Grajeda 1959 - Alfonso Rodriguez Grajeda 1960 - Humberto Pimentel Bristle 1961 - Chávez Robert Fernandez 1962 - Humberto Pimentel Bristle 1963 - 1965 Juan Chávez Magaña 1966 - 1968 Brown Miguel Medina 1969 - 1971 Octavio Sámano Fernandez 1972 - 1973 Caesar Valadez Kitchen garden 1974 - Fernando Garibay Fertile valley 1975 - 1977 Eduardo Villegas Garci'a 1978 - 1980 Robert Galván Grove 1981 - 1983 Ignacio Márquez Sepúlveda 1984 - 1986 Rigoberto Thin Fernandez 1987 - 1989 Héctor Acevedo Marín 1990 - 1992 Susano Magaña Ortiz 1993 - 1995 Antonio Zamudio Martinez 1996 - 1998 Francisco Eduardo Bermúdez Dávila 1999 - 2001 David Montañez Fernandez2002 - 2004 Joaquin Anaya.