martes, 11 de marzo de 2008

Tuxpan

Tuxpan
It means “Place of tuzas”, has its etimología of the voice tarasca “toxpan”. Other historians they give the name to the otomí word, “tuspa”, that it means “tucera” and of the Aztec they tochpan, in the rabbits.
Escudoshield is cross military revolt. Quarter first On the fertile field an impotent one is seated rabbit, symbol of Tuxpan, from where his comes name, conjunction of the cultures tarasca, otomí, Aztec and perhaps Mazahua. To the bottom you go away hill de la Cruz, representing in her the beliefs nuns of its inhabitants. Quarter second On a celestial blue bottom, the temple shines in first plane of Santiago Tuxpan, in whose facade it heightens the school barroca of Arrieta, as explendente as the Cathedral of Morelia. At the beginning of the Colony, the town was called Santiago Tuxpan, from which the temple took its name. To the front the green one hoisted of his átrio. Quarter third Heightened on the bottom of the hill the Heads and verdure of the field. the Pueblita Bridge symbolizes the paper that played geographically the town in the intervention French. General Manuel Garci'a Pueblita, installed a tube on the bridge to cover retired of its men of the French troops, step forced of the colony Santa Fugencia, at the moment Pueblita. Quarter fourth Bipartite ll: With an extended arm ornado by the arc íris, symbol of light, peace, joy, a hand offers the flower of the friendship, representing same time the transformation of the town due to the culture of the gladiola, crisantemo, carnation, lily and nardo. The shield is embroidered in gold, that in heráldica it symbolizes: wisdom, nobility, certainty, light, wealth and power. The shield is picked up by a lambda-type one. Under the shield, ornamented in natural colors the gladiola, symbol of the life of the town.

History
This town belonged to a region of cultural and political borders of a side the Aztec empire and the other, tarasco. These last they arrived at the region in century IV, but never they conquered the town, but its inhabitants they were allied with them. In 1464 thousands of Aztecs to the control of Axayácatl, they decide to invade the territory of the tarascos, defended the step, offering heroic resistance, with a cost of more than 300 dead soldiers. The town was sacked and burned. In 1466, it was completely low the protection of the tarascos, in accordance with the cacique.
With the arrival of the Spaniards in 1533, they make its presence first monks of the franciscan order, and in 1533, the first hospital of Indians is built, by orders direct ofHernán Courteous, that at that time it visited the place. The 14 of October of 1598, in solemn ceremony, became in the valley the plan of the new town, being fulfilled the instructions ofvirrey Don Gaspar de Zúñiga and Acevedo, count of Monterrey. In 1608, already initiated the evangelización, the monks franciscan they found the convent, forcing to the natives to establish in the new town, denominating him civilian and ecclesiastically with the authentic one and real name ofSantiago TuxpanThe year of 1654, Tuxpan, Republic of Indians, it showed the title of mayorship possession and he was regional of valleys of Aguaneo and Quentzio. Completed independence, and with the birth of the new Republic, the name of the town took off to him, before religious rapporteur of Santiago and the one only conserved in 1824 of Tuxpan. Later el 10 of December of 1831, it is constituted to him in municipality. The new law of Division Territorial policy gives the character him of party, pertaining to the department of Zitácuaro. In 1861, the municipality is mutilated, when clearing to him the possession of Jungapeo.
Personages I illustrate
Miguel Martinez. - Lawyer and journalist (1821-1885). José Maria Gutiérrez. - Professor and poet (1841-1892). Gregorio Jiménez Grove. - Leader agrarian and municipal president (1884 -). Manuel Ocaña. - Painter. Amanda Cranca Correa. - Painter. Hernán Bucio Náteras. - Photographer landscaper.
Chronology of historical facts
1608The franciscan ones constitute the Temple of Santiago. 1809Don Luis Strap, promoted the movement for the liberation of the New Spain, in Tuxpan. 21 December of the same year betrayed the movement, denouncing the conspiracy. 1814The 14 of November it happens the “action of wooded hills”, confrontation between the troops of Ramon Rayon and the Manuel realist of the Shell gaining a great victory first. 1817The 29 of November, are streamlining in parochial vestibule in Tuxpan, Don Benedicto Lopez, later he was degollado and putting its head in the part major of the temple. 1816The municipality of Tuxpan is mutilated, to it would separate the possession of Jungapeo 1864The 27 of March, the army imperialistic the town of Tuxpan occupied. The 24 of November enter Tuxpan general Manuel Garci'a Pueblita. 1906The 18 of May, take place in Tuxpan the combat between the forces of general Fidencio Ruiz and those of Raymundo Put. 1920Execution of the first grant of earth, carrying out three properties.

Half Physicist
Location It is located to the east of the State, in the coordinates 19º34' of North latitude and 100º28' of west longitude, to a height of 1.730 meters on the level of the sea. It limits to the north with Irimbo and Aporo, to the east with Ocampo, the south with Jungapeo and Zitácuaro, and to the west with Noble. Its distance to the State Capital is of 130 km.
Extension Its surface is of 243,04 Km² and it represents the 0.41 percent of the total of the State. Orography Its relief is construct by the volcanic system cross-sectional, mountain range of Friar and hills of Zirahuato, Camacho, Aryan, Kitchen, Huirunio, Military prison, Viper and turtle and the Valley of Tuxpan. Hydrography Their hydrography forms the river Tuxpan and streams Very small, Avocado and San Lorenzo, in addition it has the prey of San Lorenzo. Climate Its climate is tempered, with annual pluvial precipitation of 1.096,1 millimeters and temperatures that oscillate of 12,8 to 28.6º centigrades. Main ecosystems In the municipality it dominates the mixed forest with pine, encino and cedar and the coniferous forest with oyamel and pine. its fauna is represented by squirrel, rabbit weasel, tlacuache, raccoon, cacomixtle, tejón, hare, güilota and duck. Natural resources The surface timber is occupied by pine and encino, in the case of the nontimber one is occupied by shrubs of different species Characteristics and use of the ground The grounds of the municipality date from the periods cenozoic, tertiary inferior and paleoceno, correspond mainly to those of the podzólico type and prairie. Its use is fundamentally forest and in smaller agricultural proportion and cattle dealer.

Profile Sociodemográfico
Ethnic groups According to the General Census Population and House 1990, in the municipality they inhabit 47 people who speak some índigena language, and of which 23 are men and 24 they are women. Within the main índigenas languages we can to mention the Mazahua and the Mayan. Demographic evolution In the municipality of Tuxpan in 1990, the population represented the 0,6 percent of the total of the State. For 1995, it is had a population of 23.523 inhabitants, its rate of growth it is of the 5,1 annual percent and the densidad of population it is of 96,78 inhabitants by square kilometer. The number of women he is relatively greater to the one of the men, stops the year of 1994, to 718 births and 117 deaths have occurred. Religion The religion that predominates in the municipality is the Catholic followed in smaller proportion by the Presbiteriana, Adventist, Witnesses of Jehovah and Pentecostés.

Social infrastructure and of Communications
Education In the municipality establishments of initial education exist pre-school, primary, eg: secondary and for mean level superior counts on preparatory and a school of bachelors. Health The demand of medical services of the population of municipality public is taken care of by organisms and deprived eg: the Center of Health, the Clinics of IMSS besides the Particular doctor's offices Supply The municipality counts on a municipal market, tianguis one time per week, stores CONASUPO, several businesses of different commercial turn and a sign, where the population acquires articles of first necessity. Sport The municipality tells on a sport unit that it counts with a football ground, a field baseball, a field of fronton and a field of basquetbol in addition it counts more on 4 sport facilities in the localities of the municipality. House The municipality counts approximately on 3480 built houses of which the construction of walls predominates of partition and followed slab of concrete in smaller proportion by the one of adobe and roofing tile of mud, partition with laminae of asbestos and wood and cardboard.
Services public Potable water 80_ Drainage 65_ Electrification 90_ Paving 70_ Public lighting system 90_ Garbage collection 65_ Market 70_ Sign 70_ Pantheon 100_ Cloración of the Water 70_ Public security 100_ Parks and Gardens 40_ Buildings Public 50_
Means of communication The municipality counts on the following mass media: Television with channel repeater, local radio, civil and periodic band. Communication channels One communicates by Federal Highway no. 15 Morelia-Mexico, being 18 km that correspond to the municipality, more 5 km of secondary roads Tuxpan the Brotherhoods and 89 km of local roads. In addition it counts on foreign telephone, telegraph, mail and buses.

Economic activity
Agriculture The agricultural activity is the main activity of municipality being its main cultures: the maize, wheat and the 45 kidney bean and _ of its economic activity represents. Cattle ranch The cattle activity is not representative for the municipality being its main young the cattle: bovine, pig and birds, representing the 15 _ of its economic activity. Industry In the municipality kaolin is operated, represents the 2 _ of its economic activity. Tourism Natural landscapes, archaeological zones and flower-growing. Commerce The municipality counts on small and medium commerce, where the population acquires articles of first and second necessity, represents the 1 _ of its economic activity. Services The Capacity of these in the municipal head is sufficient in order to take care of the demands, offering themselves lodging and feeding, in the hotels and restaurants of place. In addition the service of buses offers of the suburban service and taxis.

Attractive Cultural and Tourist
Monuments historical The municipality counts on several architectonic monuments eg: the Temple of Santiago, that dates from century XVII and the monuments to Benedicto Lopez. Emiliano Zapata, Jose Ma. Morelos and Lic. Luis Donaldo Colosio. Museums The municipality at present does not count on museum some. Celebrations, dances and traditions Julio 25 Celebration in honor of the employer of the town the Santiago Apostle March Celebration of the CarnivalMusic Music essentially is of character popular. Crafts Floral adjustments (mainly) Gastronomy The typical food of the municipality is: head of cattle head to the furnace, barbecue of lamb, mass of guajolote, pozole of tender maize, and snow of grazes. Tourist centers Salto de Agua “the Moor” and the Archaeological Zone.

Government
Head policeman: Tuxpan Its main activity is flower-growing, counts on approximately 8.696 inhabitants (INEGI 1995).
Main localities: Turundeo Its main activity is agriculture. A is located 8 km, of the municipal head. Account with approximately 647 inhabitants (INEGI 1995). The Solitude Its main activity is agriculture. A is located 3 km, of the municipal head. Account with approximately 966 inhabitants (INEGI 1995). Jucuarillo Its main activity is agriculture. A is located 12 km, of the municipal head. Account with approximately 205 inhabitants (INEGI 1995) The Avocado Its main activity is agriculture. A is located 8 km, of the municipal head. Account with approximately 398 inhabitants (INEGI 1995). Acumbaro Its main activity is agriculture. A is located 10 km, of the municipal head. Account with approximately 356 inhabitants (INEGI 1995). Brotherhoods Its main activity is agriculture. A is located 3 km, of the municipal head. Account with approximately 881 inhabitants (INEGI 1995)
Chronology of the municipal presidents 1940 - Enrique Medina 1940 - Jose Maria Nateras 1940 - Enrique Medina 1941 - Bushy-browed Waldemar Valdespino 1942 - Gamaliel Roof rack 1943 - Arthur Martinez Marín 1944 - Areli Colín 1945 - Pedro Cancino Arevalo 1946 - Luis Valdespino Argueta 1947 - Pablo Diaz Alcala 1951 - Alfonso Tello Diaz1951 - J. Jesus Méndez Diaz 1948 - 1950 Rodolfo Leyva Ruiz1951 - 1952 Gilberto Valdespino Leyva1953 - Guadalupe Mayan Rocha1954 - 1955 Oberon Lopez ***reflxes mng1956 - Isaac Walls Perez1957 - 1959 Blond White Manuel1960 - 1962 Brown Samuel Padilla1963 - 1965 Serapio Mejía Hard-twisted1966 - 1968 Virgilio González Valdespino1969 - 1971 Daniel Cardinal red Hernandez1972 - 1974 Blond White Manuel1975 - 1977 Brown Jorge Go'mez1978 - 1980 Rodolfo Bustamante Martinez1981 - 1983 Samuel Carmona Hinojosa1984 - 1986 Ranulfo Mancilla Espinoza1987 - 1989 Rodolfo Cerna Rodriguez1990 - 1991 Arthur Martinez Nateras1992 - Vinicio Arteaga Urquiza1993 - 1995 Refuge Cardona González1996 - 1998 Virgilio Bucio Reta 1999 - 2001 Gilberto Coria Gudiño2002 - 2004 Salvador Perez.