martes, 11 de marzo de 2008

Turicato



Turicato
It means “Turicata” that talks about a parasite that it lives mainly where there is cattle.
Shieldshield is divided in 4 quarters:

Quarter FirstOn toned down enamel of blue, that expresses the vivifying purity of the wind that trims the fertility of the Earth and the landscape, as well as it speaks of the trasparencia clarificante of the history of Turicato, the walking stick and the hat pastoral of the Augustinian granadino evangelizador Fray. Juan Baptist of Moya, founder per 1560-1570 and of whose prodigies the place was witness. In the part inferior of this partition, the bridge: one of the material accomplishments of the friar who in 1552 it came to Michoacán with the bricklayer office and it excels the work of an immortal testimony.
Quarter SecondlyStanding out the independentista arrieril hat and a captured saber or Spanish sword with which the quarter designates immortality is present at of the untiring guerrilla Manuel Muñiz, captain of the provincial regiment of Valladolid and preclear son of this town, the true one history recognizes national it like singular caudillo with Hidalgo and Morelos the 18 of January of 1862. By the previous ones reasons to the municipal head Turicato was denominated to him “ of Muñiz ".
Quarter Third partyIn beautiful and eloquent fusion with the auritero enamel of this quarter, the documentary design of the traditional ones tools that from centuries the hope founded and the desire of progress of the turicatenses neighbors, who like laborious expert and cultivating serpents of their earth made, them produce the sweet juice of innumerable cane plantations that surround the zone here the transporting water wheel, what example of the effort set to obtain the precise movement of old trapiche. Turicato was supplying of sugar cane from century XVII. This it is a tribute to the past generations that they gave to prez and honour to Turicato.
Quarter QuarterOn clarísimo blue celestial, the turicatense panorama crowned by the Black Hill for many and many more of San jOse or de la Cruz. The landscape of this unanimiza quarter the character laborious of the jealous inhabitants of the culture of its earth that of fruitful infinity that produces.



History
It is a puebloprehispánico, therefore demonstrates the existence to it of an important archaeological zone, not explored, where caves are located in whose walls there are rest of paintings and engravings on rocks. With the arrival of the Spaniards and the establishment of the charges, in 1524,Cortés it gave to the town of Turicato to Diego Hernandez Grandson, later was granted him aHernán Rodriguez, which provoked litigations and confrontations, as well as new encomenderos. In 1540 the Real Hearing failed in favor of Hernandez Grandson and confirmed the Council of Indians in 1548, but to only half of the town corresponded him, the other half was for Antonio de Olivier. The evangelización carried out the friars to it Augustinian, who they constructed the Hospital of the Conception, with quarters for attention of the patients, chapel annexed and convent. During the independence fight, in Atijo, were the bartolinas or prisons, where they were prisoners the insurgent enemies. 10 of December of 1831fue constituted like municipality and in 1888 it was reduced to possession of the municipality of Tacámbaro, restituting like municipality the 9 of March of 1932. From 18 of January of 1862, by decree of the Legislature of Michoacán, being governor general Epitacio Kitchen garden, was called to him Turicato de Muñiz, in general memory of insigneManuel Muñiz.
Personajes I illustrate
Manuel Muñiz, General (? - 1818) Ignacio González Guzmán.- Médico (1898 - ? )
Chronology of historical facts
1810During the war between centralist and federalists, to end of the year, Juan Jose Codallos was made prisoner in the property of San Rafael Turicato. 1831It is constituted in municipality 1888It is reduced to possession 1932Its condition is restituted to him of municipality.


Half Physicist
Locationit locates to the south-east of the State, in the coordinates 19º03' of North latitude and 101º25' of west longitude, to one height of 720 meters on the level of the sea. It limits north with Tacámbaro, to the east with Nocupétaro and Carácuaro, to the south with Huetamo and Churumuco, and to the west with the Huacana and Ario de Rosales. Its distance to the State Capital it is of 158 km.
ExtensionHis surface is of 1543,27 Km² and it represents the 2.62 percent of the total of the State.
OrographyHis relief is constituted by the volcanic system cross-sectional and the hills of San jOse, Peaks, the Catzanga, of the Metate, the Christ, the Pitcher of Méndez, the Guácimas, the Viewpoint and of Straws.
HydrographyHis hydrography is constituted by the rivers Turicato, Hot and Cold by streams of Zicuapo, Zárate, Huicumo and of Tavera and by the springs of cold and thermal water.
ClimateHis climate is tropical with rains in summer. It has a precipitation pluvial annual of 849 millimeters and temperatures that centigrades oscillate of 14,7 to 33.3º.
Main ecosystemsIn the municipality dominates to the tropical forest deciduo with parota, cuéramo, ceiba, huisache, tepemezquite, sapodilla and handle, and the thorny tropical forest with huisache, teteche, teasel, I ground and viejito. The fauna of the municipality it is represented by coyote, rabbit, eagle, sparrowhawk, magpie, buzzard and dove.
Resources naturalforest surface timber is occupied by pines and encinos, nontimber by diverse scrubs and species of the low forest.
Characteristics and use of the groundgrounds of the municipality date from the periods cenozoic, tertiary superior and paleoceno, correspond mainly to those of the type chernozem and prairie. Its use is destined fundamentally to the agricultural activity and in smaller forest proportion to and the cattle one.
Profile Sociodemográfico
Groups ethnicAccording to the General Census Population and House 1990, in municipality inhabits 500 people who speak some language índigena, and of which 222 are men and 278 are women. Within the main índigenas languages we can to mention the Náhuatl and the Totonaca.
Evolution demographicIn the municipality of Turicato in 1990, the population represented the 0,94 percent of the total of the State. For 1995, it is had a population of 36.112 inhabitants, its rate of growth it is of the 1,49 annual percent and the densidad of population it is of 148 inhabitants by square kilometer. The number of women he is relatively greater to the one of the men. It stops the year of 1994, 1773 births were registered and 158 deaths, also therefore the migration and immigration in the municipality has been to regulate.
Religionreligion that predominates in the municipality is the Catholic followed in smaller proportion by the Witnesses of Jehovah and Gospellers.
Infrastructure Social and of Communications
EducationIn the municipality exists establishments of initial education pre-school, primary, eg: secondary and for mean level superior exists the Baccalaureate and a center of the ICATMI.
Healthdemand of medical services of the population of the municipality public is taken care of by organisms and deprived eg: the Clinics of IMSS, Centers of Health, assigned to the Secretariat of Health and Doctor's offices Individuals.
Supplymunicipality once counts on tianguis per week and a market where the population acquires articles of first necessity.
Sportmunicipality counts on fields of basquetbol and soccer distributed in the localities of the municipality thus like in its municipal head.
Housemunicipality counts approximately on 6.942 built houses of which the construction of adobe predominates and it tiles followed in smaller proportion by the one of lamina of asbestos and cardboard, wood and tiles, concrete and partition.
Services publicWater potable 40_ Drainage 10_ Electrification 80_ Paving 20_ Public lighting system 40_ Garbage collection 15_ Market 100_ Sign 100_ Pantheon 100_ Cloración of the Water 60_ Public security 40_ Parks and Gardens 100_ Buildings Public 50_
Means of communicationThe municipality counts on the following mass media: newspaper, radio and television.
Routes of communicationOne communicates by ways of terracería to all their communities in addition count on telephone, public house, telegraph, mail and service of transport public and taxis.
Activity Economic
Agricultureagricultural activity is the main economic activity of the municipality being its main cultures: maize, sugar kidney bean, Chile, tomato and cane in addition of fruits like: handle, jícama, watermelon, mamey, cucumber, lemon, orange and papaya.
Cattle ranchHis main young is: Pig, bovine, ovine, goat and equine.
IndustryIt produces sugar.
TourismLandscapes natural and typical hot Earth towns.
Commercemunicipality counts on small and medium commerce in where the population acquires articles of first and second necessity.
Servicescapacity of these in the municipal head is sufficient in order to take care of the demand offering itself: lodging and feeding in the hotels and restaurants of the place.
Attractive Cultural and Tourist
Monuments historical The municipality counts on several architectonic monuments eg: the Parish of Turicato, in the towers has clock that is an historical relic, which was in the parish of Tacámbaro from 1864 to 1932 and it has tracks of the battle between the interventionists and republicans. The Temple of Santa Ana and the old Bridge of Turicato that according to the tradition was constructed by Fray Juan Baptist Moya. Museums At present the municipality does not count on museums. Celebrations, dances and traditions March 19 Celebration in honor of San jOse May 5 Civic Act celebration of Batalla of Puebla June 25 Celebration in honor to the Anniversary of the creation of the municipality Julio 26 Celebration in honor of the Lady Santa Ana 16 September 15 and Celebration of the celebrations mother countries September 30 civic Act in honor of the Natalicio of Don Jose Maria Morelos and Pavón. Music Music essentially is of character popular. Crafts Articles of turned wood and colonial furniture. Gastronomy The typical food of the municipality is the Mass and stew known like fried. Tourist centers It does not count on centers or tourist places.
Government
Head Policeman: Turicato
Main localitiesPuruarán Its main activity is the sugar cane culture. It is located to 9 km of the municipal head. It counts on approximately 7.124 inhabitants. (INEGI 1995). Zarate Its main activity is agriculture and the cattle ranch. It is located to 25 km of the municipal head. It counts on approximately 560 inhabitants (INEGI 1995). Shallot of Santa Ana Its main activity is agriculture and the cattle ranch. It is located to 20 km of the municipal head. It counts on approximately 1560 inhabitants. (INEGI 1995).
Chronology of the municipal presidents
1940 - Pedro Barajas 1941 - Luis Silva Barajas 1942 - Eustacio Borja Gutiérrez 1943 - Benito Brown Armenta 1944 - J. Jesus Lasts Diaz 1945 - Agustín Barajas de la Cruz 1946 - Timoteo Barajas Valdez 1947 - Rómulo Calderón Mountain range 1948 - Jose Guízar Nuñez 1949 - Elpidio Lomelí 1950 - Rosary Vargas 1951 - Elpidio Perez Orozco 1952 - Rómulo Calderón Mountain range 1957 - 1959 Benito Brown Armenta 1960 - Serafín Almonte 1960 - 1962 Pedro Ponce Ambriz 1963 - 1965 Constantino Gutiérrez Garci'a 1966 - 1968 Hermilo Moon Stone 1969 - 1971 Raul Magaña Armenta 1972 - 1974 Manuel González Orozco 1975 - 1977 Crescencio Barajas Magaña 1978 - 1980 Sigifredo Mountain range Perez 1981 - 1983 Carlos Magaña Lopez 1984 - 1986 Octavio Garci'a Mountain range 1987 - 1989 Carlos Villanueva Ambriz 1990 - Ramiro Chávez Desert 1992 - Conrado Anaya 1993 - 1995 Everardo Kings Cedeño 1996 - 1998 Pedro Kings Cedeño 1999 - 2001 Gabriel Ruíz Rosemary2002 - 2004 Rescuing Barrier.