miércoles, 12 de marzo de 2008

Tlazazalca

Tlazazalca
It means “Argillaceous Place”.
Shield Shield is represented in a heráldica piece of harmonic set. General plane: The Aguilasimboliza the stage of Independence and represents the monument erected to the route that followed the father of mother countryDon Miguel Hidalgo and Costilla, from Valladolid to Guadalajara, happening through the municipality of Tlazazalca the 21 of November of 1810.
In center and protected with bordura it is had: in the flank right superior the cupola of the temple parochial in that a venerates San Miguel Arcángel destroyed in the middle of century XVIII during the stay of the priest José Antonio Márquez of Mora. In the flank left superior one imagines springs of which it brings forth the water among stones and take advantage for the potable and irrigable water, as well as recreational center and spas, by its natural beauty, says that the Indians who live this population called “water Eye to him of the Hearing” for being the place where the Corregidor Spanish received visits of King de Michoacán. In the Flank right inferior, one is represented the Cattle ranch and the porcicultura, activities that they have occupied an important place in the production economic of the population. In the flank left inferior imagines the Agriculture that practical in the municipality, which is of consumptive character, being the maize the main product that is cultivated. Under the shield it is a united ribbon to the eagle, in which the year is indicated of 1545 on that Tlalzazalca by the great one was founded constructor of hospitals the franciscan Fray Juan of San Miguel and the assigned name is read of of “they San Miguel de Tlazazalca, by dictated order of the Virrey Don Luis de writing Velasco of date 3 of April of 1593.

History
Tlazazalca it is considered like one of the oldest towns of Michoacán, it was founded by Aztec tribes and later, when being high and mighty señorío tarasco, was incorporated to the same.A end of century XVI, together with other towns small, the population was based. In 1592 the Spanish government was established in this region. The neighbors of Tlazazalca transferred the population to the place where today one is by to be of better temperature and by the abundance of the water. The old towns of Santiago were united to Tlazazalca, Petagio, Aramutaro, Taurio and Copándaro.
franciscan that accompanied the army of Nuño de Gúzman they baptized the Indians of this region.Don Basque of Quiroga it founded a secular parish, whose minister was in charge of many towns to the round one. Tlazazalca was designated head of Greater Mayorship and it was constituted in " Republic of Indians ".
In 1754 Tlazazalca had 60 families of Indians, 18 of Spaniards and 6 mulatos. Like parish head the towns of Penjamillo belonged to him, Atacheo and Ecuandureo, aside from properties, stays and rancherías of smaller importance. In the Territorial Law of 1831 it constituted as municipality and it was party head.
During the war of independencia, the attacks that happened they almost destroyed the population. In first years of independence, one knows that the inhabitants of Tlazazalca they were farmers and carriers, and who lived in its territories of farming. They produced maize and wheat and dedicated little to the commerce. In 1862 it appears like head of party of the Department of Zamora that it was made up of Penjamillo, Purépero, Chilchota and by the own municipality of Tlazazalca. When disappearing the districts, in 1930 comprised of the ex- district of Zamora and in1941se constitutes like one of the 102 municipalities of the State, when being adopted free municipality, like basic certificate of political and administrative organization of State.
Personages I illustrate
Adolfo Cano. - Lawyer, was Temporary Governor of the State of Michoacán (1880 -) Agustín Magaña Méndez. - acerdote remarkable, was masterful of the Seminary, Professor of history and languages, translator of the Bible, realised the donation of the present building that occupies the School Pacelli individual that is administered by the Congregation of the Brothers of the Poor men and Servants of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (1887-1983). Alfredo Valencia of the River. - It renewed the floor, the vitrales of the church, and improved parish, in addition contributed to grant of the municipal public lighting system (1953-1959). Francisco Jalabera. - Franciscan Missionary, who outside intermediary of the transaction of the Property “The Saltpeter” at the moment community of the Estancita. (1575-1591).The Martinez Araujo Juan. - During its stay was constructed the first temple that then it was called “Of the Hospital” (1680-1692). José Antonio Macias. - During their functions in 1789 were created a Parochial School. (1788-1803). José Antonio Márquez of Mora. - Under its stay the construction began of the present parochial temple and it contributed to his elaboration of a worthy way of recognition. (1832-1852) José Nogueras. - Priest who it exerted in the municipality Hydrotherapy. (1852-1854).
Chronology of historical facts
1524The region of Tlazazalca was taken care of as soon as to the cult and the doctrine at the cost of the encomendero. 1534Tlazazalca step to be tributary of Spanish Corona, being the first town that it stops being charge before the new laws that they decreed the aim of the charges. 1545Tlazazalca and its doctrine are founded officially by the great constructor of hospitals, franciscan Fray Juan of San Miguel. 1553The Virrey Don Luis de Velasco granted certificate to the Augustinian ones to found a monastery in Tlazazalca. 1553It was provided with cures chaplain to Tlazazalca when being based as parish and was to position of the secular priest, Pedro de Yepes. 1556Cristóbal priest Tail it carried out the argument against the Augustinian ones stops that they stopped of the project to found convent on Tlalzazalca. 1565In the jurisdiction of Tlazazalca there was a total of 857 tributary natives of which 219 were chichimecas and 638 tarascos. 1570Tlazazalca was head of one of the 59 parishes of the Bishopric of Michoacán. 1575The priest Francisco Jabalera he was the first benefitted or repaid priest officially by the Real Patronage, in its position of Parish priest in Tlazazalca. 1593. The population to a place moved with better climate and abundance of waters and grass, assigning to him the new name of “San Miguel de Tlazazaca”. 1631There was a total of 208 neighbors in the population of Tlazazalca. 1650The jurisdiction of Tlazazalca it was head that even administered located communities 65 km of distance, included the present municipalities of Purépero, Churintzio, Zináparo, Penjamillo, The Mercy, Ecuandureo, Tanhuato, Atacheo and part of Zamora. 1681The party of Tlazazalca was made up of 1507 neighbors, of who 1.457 were Indian and 50 Spaniards belonging to the population of Tlazazalca 310 people, of whom 50 Indian were married, 35 widowers, 80 boys of doctrine and 3 families of Spaniards. 1707It happened a tumult in Tlazazalca, when commanding the Greater mayor to whip and to shave the governor of the Indians, causing in this way the rebellion native. 1746It had in the jurisdiction a total of 406 families of Indians and 1.294 of Spaniards, mestizos and mulatos. The Governor of the Indians resided in Tlazazalca and the Greater Mayor in the Mercy 1748Parish was elevated to Mercy separately from Tlazazalca assigning to him Tanhuato and Yurécuaro. Tlazazalca remained with Atacheo, Ecuandureo and Penjamillo. 1754Tlazazalca is head of Parish and the towns of Penjamillo corresponded to him, Atacheo and Ecuandureo. It was colonised by 221 families of Indians, 162 Spaniards, 100 of chaste and 45 of mulatos distributed in the four towns of its demarcation. 1785There was an agricultural crisis of maize shortage, to extreme which an epidemic that it received numerous victims between the groups more poor men of the society. 1754Being head of the parish they correspond to him the towns of Penjamillo, Atacheo and Ecuandureo. 1810Noble in the route that followed from Valladolid to Guadalajara it crossed communities of the Municipality of Tlazazalca. 1811Battle that got rid in the port of Urepétiro between the realistic forces and the insurgents, losing the fight these last ones. 1822Michoacán was divided in Parties, being Divided Tlazazalca of the Department The west and was subject to him, the towns of Purépero, Penjamillo, Churintzio, Chilchota and the Gorge of the Eleven Towns. 1831In the Territorial Law, Tlazazalca it is constituted in Municipality and it was Head of District. 1840One began to construct present Parochial Church of Tlazazalca, under the direction of the Paschal Engineer Moon disciple of the famous one architect Francisco Eduardo Tresguerras. 1850The indigenous groups were absorbed its territory was reduced to them to operate them like work force. 1860Tlazazalca step to be municipality of the district of Purépero. 1864Tlazazalca belonged to Bishopric of Zamora. 1901Tlazazalca recovered its category of head, but now policeman. 1910The extinct indigenous communities, there were lost its earth happening to property of landowners. 1913Tlazazalca belonged to district of Zamora. 1914The goods were taken part or capitals of the enemies of the revolution. 1926The cristeros rises they pronounce in the municipality.1930Form leaves from ex- district of Zamora. 1941Tlazazalca is constituted like one of the 102 municipalities of the State when being adopted to the Municipality It frees like basic certificate of the organization policy and administrative. 1946It increased the amount of emigrants of Tlazazalca United course to the State as illegal laborers. 1955The energy was promoted Electrical in the population of Tlazazalca. 1963It was constructed in the population the first Center of Health. 1969The asphalt highway was inaugurated The Mercy - Carapan by the governor of the State. 1971.Se constructed the Ignacio prey Lopez Rayon of the community of Jamandúcuaro, vitally important for the agriculturists of the region. 1974The Network of the System concluded of Potable Water with supply depot and equipment of pumping in Tlazazalca. 1977The service settled of Drainage and sewage system and the paving began of the main streets and the center of the head. 1990The municipality counts on 12,173 inhabitants on who 3.925 live in the Municipal Head. 1995Anniversary is commemorated the 450 of the official foundation of “San Miguel of Tlazazalca ".

Half Physicist
Location It is located to the northwest of the State, in the coordinates 19º58' of North latitude and 102º03' of length the west, to a height of 1.800 meters on the level of sea. It limits the north with Churintzio, the east with Penjamillo, to the southwest with Zacapu, the south with Purépero and Tangancícuaro, and to the west with Zamora. Its distance to the State Capital it is of 121 km
Extension Its surface is of 201,83 Km² and it represents the 0.34 percent of the total of the State.
Orography Its relief is constituted by the volcanic system cross-sectional and the hills de la Cruz and Prieto.
Hydrography Its hydrography is constituted by the river Urepetiro, by the streams Purúzaro, Dark Depth and, by the cold water springs and the prey of Yerbabuena and Urepetiro.
Clima Its climate is tempered, with rains in summer. It has one annual pluvial precipitation of 954,0 millimeters and temperatures that oscillate of 8,8 to 26.6º centigrades.
Main ecosystems In the municipality it dominates the mixed forest with pine, encino and ash. The fauna of this municipality is formed by hare, zorrillo, coyote, raccoon, deer, cacomixtle and tlacuache.
Resources natural The forest surface timber is occupied by pine and encino, the nontimber one is occupied by diverse scrubs.
Characteristics and use of the ground The grounds of the municipality date from the periods cenozoic, quaternary, tertiary and Miocene, they correspond mainly to those of the type chernozem and podzólico. Its use is fundamentally cattle dealer and in smaller proportion forest and agricultural.

Profile Sociodemográfico
Groups ethnic According to the General Census Population and House 1990, in the municipality they inhabit 40 people who speak some índigena language, and of which 28 are men and 12 are women. Within the main índigenas languages we can to mention the Purépecha.
Evolution demographic The municipality of Tlazazalca in 1990, the population it represented the 0,34 percent of the total of the State. For 1996, a population of 9.298 inhabitants has itself, its rate of growth is of -4,72 annual percent, negative rate of growth must to factors such like the emigration to the interior and outside of the country mainly, and the densidad of population is of 46,07 inhabitants by square kilometer. The number of women he is relatively greater to the one of the men. It stops the year of 1994, 214 births and 49 have occurred deaths, also therefore the emigration and immigration in the municipality has been considerable.
Religion The religion that predominates in the municipality is Catholic followed in smaller proportion by the Evangelical one, the Judaica and Testigos de Jehovah.

Infrastructure Social and of Communications
Education The municipality counts on education establishments initial Pre-school, primary, eg: secondary, secondary techniques, telesecundarias and for mean level superior the School of Bachelors.
Salud The demand of medical services of the population of the municipality it is taken care of by official and deprived organisms, in means rural and urban. They exist Clinical of the IMSS and assigned Centers of Health to the Secretariat of particular Health as well as doctor's offices.
Abasto The municipality counts on a municipal market and centers of consumption gift of the population it acquires articles of first and second necessity.
DIn the municipality it is counted on fields of basquetbol, soccer, recreational baseball and parks. Distributed in all localities of the municipality as well as in his municipal head.
House the municipality counts approximately on 2.560 houses built of which the type of construction that it predominates is the one of materials partition, ceiling of concrete followed in smaller proportion by those of adobe, wood with ceilings of roofing tile, lamina and shake. (INEGI 1990)
Services public Potable water 70_ Drainage 80_ Electrification 85_ Paving 65_ Public lighting system 85_ Garbage collection 50_ Market 85_ Sign 80_ Pantheon 100_ Cloración of the Water Public security 60_ Parks and Gardens 40_ Buildings Public 80_
Means of communication The municipality counts on the following mass media. Local and regional newspapers, stations of local and regional radios, television and service of cable and satellite dish.
Routes of communication One communicates by federal highways no. 15 and 37, in its Morelia-Zacapu-Carapan-Purépero-Tlazazalca sections and ways of terracería. Besides mail, telephone, telegraph, houses you publish, service of transport buses, taxis and trucks.

Activity Economic
Agriculture The agricultural activity is highly significant for the municipality its main cultures: the maize, sorghum, kidney bean, wheat, mill, sweet potato, charity fair, chick-pea and in smaller scale vegetables like: janamargo and marijuana olleto these two last ones of forage.
Cattle ranch In the municipality cattle grows up: Bovine, goat, ovine, equine, pig, poultries and bees in stables, milkmen, pig and bird-raising farms.
Industry The municipality counts on an established industry account with one it makes descremadora of milk and one makes of games pyrotechnicses.
Tourism By its natural conditions, the municipality counts on own places for the tourist development, what constitutes a vitally important activity stops the economic development of the municipality counts on natural, bath and flowing landscapes that they foment the tourism
Commerce The municipality counts on medium and small commerce where the population acquires articles of first and second necessity. It counts on: store of clothes, furniture, footwear, foods, ironworks, materials for the construction, stationery stores, fixed and semi-portable pharmacies, pharmacies and positions.
Services The capacity of these in the municipal head it is sufficient to take care of the demand offering itself: lodging and feeding in the hotels and restaurant of the place.

Attractive Cultural and Tourist
Monuments historical The municipality counts on a parochial Temple of San Miguel, constructed in century XIX by the priest Jose Antonio Márquez of Mora.
Museos The municipality at the moment does not count on museum some.
Celebrations, dances and traditions Religious celebration of Corpus Christi. 15 and 16 of September. Celebration of the celebrations mother countries. 29 September. Celebration in honor to San Miguel employer of the parish. 20 of September. Civic act in which it is celebrated the Anniversary of the Mexican Revolution
DancesThe municipality does not have any representative dance
Music Wind bands and mariachis.
Crafts In the municipality crafts are not elaborated
Gastronomy The typical food of the municipality is: The consumption of derivative milky as it is the fresh cheese, the cream, butter, requesón and brick molds, birria, carnitas, slight, and mass.
Centers tourist The municipality counts on tourist sites like they are: natural, bath and flowing landscapes.

Government
Head Policeman: Tlazazalca
Main localities:
Acuitzeramo Its main activity is agriculture. It is located to 13 km of the municipal head. Account with approximately 1415 inhabitants (INEGI 1990)
Marijuana Its main activity is agriculture. It is located to 7 km of the municipal head. Account with approximately 2343 inhabitants (INEGI 1990) Chronology of the municipal presidents
1940 - Jose Zamora Gil 1941 - J. Health Navarrese Diaz 1942 - J. Jesus Martinez, J. Jesus Aguilar Gil, Jose Chávez Chávez 1944 - Fidel Magaña 1945 - Jose Orozco Enríquez, Canchú Robert Parocua 1946 - Joaquin Anaya Rocha 1947 - Jose Rodriguez Espinoza 1948 - Carlos Rocks Garci'a 1949 - J. Jesus Fernandez Garci'a, Alberto Fernandez Towers 1950 - To pound Orozco Rock Jesus Magaña Gabriel Magaña Ignacio Chávez Jose Rodriguez Espinoza Crispin Is vacant Courteous Antonio Cornelio Andrade Eraclio Moon Leobardo Chávez Octavio Magaña Indalecio Magaña Rosendo Magaña Sabad Is vacant Ladislao Méndez Luis Fernandez 1955 - Health Days Navarrese Rubén Castle Morals Brown Jose Maria Jose Rodriguez Espinoza 1960 - Courteous Enrique Mújica 1961 - Rescuing Chávez Madrigal 1963 - Emilio Garci'a Gámez Francisco Peace 1966 - Luis Is vacant Ramirez 1969 - 1971 Miguel Porocua Peace 1972 - 1974 Luis Canchú Martinez 1975 - 1977 Miguel Calderón Martinez 1978 - 1980 Gonzalo Verduzco Gil 1981 - 1983 Luis Andrade Chávez 1984 - 1986 Gonzalo Verduzco Gil 1987 - 1989 Luis Andrade Chávez 1990 - 1992 Blond Agustín Vieyra 1993 - 1995 Adolph González Ayala 1996 - 1998 Jose Canchú Aguilar 1999 - 2001 Gonzalo Perez Sepúlveda2002 - 2004 Eliodoro Rodriguez .