miércoles, 12 de marzo de 2008

Tocumbo

Tocumbo
It is a deformation of the voice jugcumba, that in language native means “pinabete”.
Shield The shield of Tocumbo is the classic form gothic-Spanish.

History
This place belonged to the tribe tequecha more and behind schedule tarasco was incorporated to the empire. It was conquered porCristóbal of Olidy happened to comprise of Tingüindín, that was constituted in tenientazgo general and it depended on the mayorship major of Peribán. Tocumbo happened to form part in century XVII, of the stay property ofDoña Andrea of Moon, to the south of the head of Tingüindín, in distance of 2 leguas, lived and worked there 24 families of Spaniards, mulatos and mestizos. Later these earth happened at the hands of the Jesuits, that they had properties where they produced great amounts of wheat.
To to decree its expulsion, in 1767, the monks of the company of Jesus they transferred its properties to relatives and servants, continuing his operation and although the property of Tocumbo appears like property ofJosé Godinezy Partners, can say that it continued belonging to the company, and apparently, it was taken care of from which these properties did not arrive at the hands of fuereños then for 1800, a congregation was constituted of the gentlemenAndradeChávez, Godinezto Alcázar and Villanueva, that they bought local properties.
During the independence war, Tocumbo was the radius of insurgent action of the brothersGuzmán, Francisco y GordianoThe region was devastated, since she was one of more fertile zones and for 1831, with the Law of Territorial Division, Tingüindín it happened to be municipal head and Tocumbo was so only one property of the municipality. In 1867, the region it was occupied by the French and Tocumbo, was forced step as much for Uruapan as for hot earth and it suffered the consequences, to the being step as much of the chinacos as of French. From the region Eastern center of Michoacán key points for the republican offensive were chosen, under the command of Villado. In the property of Tocumbo it formed a republican line that resisted the imperialistic combat. After several defeats, general Arteaga organized the army of the center the West in guerrillas, and 1867 one recovered Zamora and the Michoacana capital, recovering itself Republic. In 1861 Tingüindín it was subject like municipality to another District, happening the property from Tocumbo to the territory of the Kings.
When finalizing century XIX the maize production, wheat and agricultural cane and other products only it benefitted the owners of the property of Tocumbo, whereas the working situation of the era very difficult. During the revolution, the fight it was aggravated and the property happened at the hands of the settlers of the region. The 12 of December of 1903 Tocumbo it was elevated to the degree of possession of Tingüindín.
El 11 of February of 1930se constituted in municipality, the locality of Tacáscaro took off to him and it was adjudged to him, the sugar property of Santa Clear of the municipality of the Kings. In 1938 the ejidatarios from Tocumbo they received grant of earth and when continuing the agrarian distribution obtained, in 1940, ejido of the Palera, the one of Tocumbo in 1952 and the one of San Francisco in 1970.
Chronology of historical facts
1767The territories of Tocumbo stop being in the hands of the company of Jesus, because this one is expelled from the New Spain. 1800A congregation forms with the gentlemen Andrade, Chávez, Godinez, Medina and Villanueva that bought local properties. 1831Tocumbo is property of the municipality of Tingüindín. 1867The property of Tocumbo comprises of the Kings. 1903The 12 of Tocumbo December are elevated to the degree of possession of Tingüindín. 1930The 11 of February acquires the rank of municipality. 1938First agrarian distribution to the ejidatarios of Tocumbo.

Half Physicist
Locationit locates to the west of the State, in the coordinates 19º42' of North latitude and 102º32' of west longitude, to one height of 1.600 meters on the level of the sea. It limits to the north with Villamar, the northeast with Tingüindín, to the east and the south with the Kings, and to the west with the State of Jalisco. Its distance to the State Capital is of 196 km.
ExtensionHis surface is of 506,85 Km² and it represents the 0.86 percent of the total of the State.
OrographyHis relief this constituted by the volcanic system cross-sectional and the mountain range of San Angel.
HydrographyHis hydrography is constituted by the rivers of the Banana, San Antonio and of Dagger.
ClimateHis climate is tropical and tempering, with rains in summer. It has a pluvial precipitation of 1.100 millimeters and temperings that oscillate of 15,6 to 31.6º centigrades.
Main ecosystemsIn the municipality dominates to the mixed forest with pine and encino, and the tropical forest deciduo with ceiba, cedar, parota, cirián, sapodilla, tepeguaje and cuajilote. The fauna of the municipality it is represented by armadillo, deer, hare, squirrel, tlacuache, tejón, tusa, coyote, zorrillo and duck.
Resources naturalforest surface timber is occupied by pine, encino, and the nontimber one is occupied by scrubs of different species.
Characteristics and use of the groundgrounds of the municipality date from the periods cenozoic, tertiary and paleoceno, they correspond mainly to of the type chernozem and chesnut. Its use is destined fundamentally to the forest activity and in smaller proportion to the cattle dealer and agriculturist.

Profile Sociodemográfico
Groups ethnicAccording to the General Census Population and House 1990, in the municipality inhabits 29 people who speak some language índigena, and of which 13 are men and 16 are women. Within the main índigenas languages we can mention the Purépecha.
Evolution demographicIn the municipality of Tocumbo in 1990, the population represented the 0,33 percent of the total of the State. For 1995, it has a population of 12.202 inhabitants, its rate of growth it is of the 0,57 annual percent and the densidad of population it is of 24 inhabitants by kilometer squared. The number of women is relatively major to the one of the men. For the year of 1994, they have given to 456 births and 71 deaths, also thus the migration and immigration in the municipality has been considerable.
Religionreligion that predominates in the municipality is the Catholic followed in smaller proportion by the Witnesses of Jehovah and the Christian.

Infraestructura social and of comunicaciones
EducationIn the municipality exists establishments of initial education pre-school, primary, eg: secondary and it stops the mean level superior CONALEP and CBTA.
Healthdemand of medical services of the population of the municipality it is taken care of by official and deprived organisms in urban means eg: Services of preventive medicine, it consults external, general medicine and odontológicos services in center of Health “C” assigned one to the Secretariat of Health, Particular Clinic of the IMSS and Doctor's offices.
Supplymunicipality counts once on tianguis per week, stores of clothes, zapaterías, ironworks, houses of materials, paleterías and grocer's, where the population acquires articles of first necessity.
Sportmunicipality has sport units, fields of soccer, basquetbol and audiences in the communities of the municipality, as well as in its municipal head.
Housemunicipality counts approximately on 2520 of which the construction that predominates is the one of material (partition, block, stone and cement) followed in smaller proportion by the one of adobe and other materials.
Services publicWater potable 80_ Drainage 80_ Electrification 90_ Paving 50_ Public lighting system 90_ Garbage collection 90_ Market No Sign If Pantheon 100_ Cloración of the Water 90_ Public security 95_ Parks and Gardens 95_ Buildings Public 100_
Means of communicationmunicipality counts on the following mass media: Radio stations, television channels and newspapers.
Routes of communicationhead communicates by the state highways Kings - Cotija and Zamora - Cotija, also by these routes are arrived at some communities like Santa Clara, the Bridge, the Limekiln and Santa Ines by the Jaripo highway - Cotija is San Francisco, and the other communities by terracería, it counts on the domiciliary services of Telephone, public houses, telegraphs, post office and cover of cellular telephony.


Activity Economic
Agriculturemain activity of the municipality is agriculture, high percentage of the population is dedicated to this activity being its main cultures: the cane of sugar, maize, kidney bean, alfalfa and chick-pea.
Cattle ranchIn the region occupies a preponderant place being his main young: Bovine, equine, pig, birds and beehives.
Industrymunicipality counts on an established industry as they are sugar Ingenio you make and them of trowels.
TourismSprings hypothermal, bath and natural landscapes.
Commercemunicipality has, a small and medium commerce in which are articles of first and second necessity.
Servicescapacity of these in the municipal head is sufficient in order to take care of the demand offering itself: lodging and feeding in the hotels and restaurants of place.

Atractivos Cultural and Tourists
Monuments historicalIn the municipality does not exist constructions that can be considered like historical monuments.
MuseumsAt the moment the municipality does not count on museum some.
Celebrations, dances and traditions3 mayo. Celebration in honor of the employer of the place in San Francisco Junio. Traditional celebration of the Absent Son 22 of July. Celebration of the supervisory celebration in the Magdalena 11 of August. Supervisory celebration in Santa Clara 15 and 16 of September. Celebration of the celebrations mother countries 7 of October. Celebration of the supervisory celebration in the Magdalena From the 8 to the 12 of December. Celebration in honor of the employer of the place From the 20 to the 27 of December. Fair of the Trowel
Musicmusic essentially is of popular character.
CraftsFigures of Sugar.
Gastronomytypical food of the municipality is: Terecuas, candies, corundas and carnitas.
Centers touristLandscapes natural, flowing hypothermal, bath, parks recreational, the modernist church projected by the Arq. Pedro Ramirez Vázquez.

Government
Head Policeman: Tocumbo
Principales localitiesSanta ClaraHis main activity is agriculture and the sugar industry, being its main cultures the sugar cane and the maize. It is located to 12 km of the head policeman. Account with approximately with 6.712 inhabitants.
Santa InesHis main activity is the farming one, being its main ones cultures are: the cane of sugar, maize, chick-pea; bovine, pig cattle grows up and bird-raising. It is located to 5 km of the municipal head. It counts on approximately 530 inhabitants. (INEGI 1990).
Chronology of the municipal presidents
1965 - 1968 Esteban Andrade 1969 - 1971 Guillermo Montoya 1972 - 1974 Elías Espinoza 1975 - 1977 Javier Villaseñor 1978 - 1980 Ignacio Andrade 1981 - 1983 Ma. Esther Andrade de B. 1984 - 1986 Alberto Andrade M 1987 - 1989 Jose Ma. Espinoza 1990 - 1992 Alfonso Malfavón 1993 - 1995 Enrique Zepeda 1996 - 1998 Juan Valdovinos 1999 - 2001 Osvaldo Fernandez Orozco2002 - 2004 Andrade Robert.